The uses of organic products that allow farmers to obtain higher yields without altering the environment is one of the world trends of our times. In this sense, the fulvic acids are awakening the interest of the farmers of the field, since among its multiple benefits they allow a better use of foliar and root fertilizers, besides stimulating the general growth of the plant, which translates into higher yields and better quality of crops. We will talk about the fulvic minerals.
Fulvic minerals also allow the improvement of soil structure by favouring the formation of aggregates and the exponential reproduction of microorganisms. The recovery of soil, due to the multiplication of microorganisms caused by fulvic acids, is extremely rapid. Microorganisms destroy pesticide residues, which is beneficial for the environment, explains Víctor Manuel Urbina Bolland, vice president of Foliar Chemistry, a pioneer in the commercialization of fulvic acids. For example: in a soil poor in the organic matter the application of fulvic acids allows to multiply the microbial flora in two thousand times in only two weeks, which gives an extra fertility, with the application of three or four kilos per hectare.
Apart from microbiologically improving the soil and its texture, this substance can be used to multiply microorganisms that degrade insecticides or herbicides that traditionally remain on the ground for a long time. Fulvic minerals are the most active part of hummus, it is soluble in acid, neutral and alkaline, unlike humic acid that is not soluble in acidic pH. This causes, for example, that calcium is precipitated in the presence of humic acid while remaining in solution in the presence of fulvic acid.
In areas with high calcium concentration, fulvic acid prevents phosphorus and other elements from precipitating, which is beneficial for plants because they receive more nutrients and also prevents the nozzles of irrigation systems from getting stuck. They also contain 19 of the 21 essential amino acids that can make proteins. “Nowhere in the world is there one as concentrated as ours because it has 75 percent fulvic acids,” says Urbina.
The demand for Fulvic minerals grows:
The use of fulvic acids mixed with foliar, root and in different irrigation systems, where with the addition of fulvic acids surprising results are obtained. It is a market niche that will have an accelerated growth in the near future since it is estimated that its use in all agriculture will soon be generalized, and it will become an indispensable product in any agricultural practice, this due to the overwhelming benefits that they are obtained with your application.
Practical applications for Fulvic minerals:
With the application of fulvic acids have been increased production of up to 50 percent in different crops and areas of the country and Central America. It is attributed the improvement of the quality of crops, as in potatoes, where it improves the distribution of starches and the size of it is more uniform; in wheat increases the protein content; in the tomato, chili and other vegetables increases the percentage of export fruit.
In general, there are testimonies that increase the resistance to disease attack, the plants better withstand any type of stress (drought, frost, flood, product overdose, for example). The recovery of crops is more effective with repeated applications of fulvic acids.
Benefits of Fulvic minerals:
Increase yields and improve the quality of crops by:
- Stimulate the general growth of the plant.
- Significantly improve the absorption and translocation of nutrients and agrochemicals via foliar and radicular.
- Improve soils by exponentially promoting the reproduction of microorganisms and the formation of aggregates.
- It acts as a biostimulant to catalyze biochemical processes of the plant and to promote the formation of nucleic acids due to their high content of amino acids.
- Chelate and make available to the plant nutrients that are difficult to absorb.
Application recommendations for Fulvic minerals
Via foliar: 100-150 g of fulvic acid per hectare alone, or better mixed with fertilizers and agrochemicals in general.
Root path: 3-4 kilos of fulvic acid per hectare per cycle, divided into a minimum of three applications.
When a plant organism enters the decomposition phase, it usually deposits humic substrate or humic acids on the surface of the soil. Humic acids, also called humus, are the organic products that are derived from the decomposition of these organisms. In general, the decomposition of plant organisms is favoured by fungi and bacteria that are considered beneficial microorganisms for soil exploitation. The hummus has a black colour, product of the high concentrations of organic carbon it has.
Within its composition are elements such as:
– Leaves, branches and pieces of decaying logs.
– Vegetable and animal exudates.
– Remains of dead animals.
– Mushrooms and bacteria.
The decomposition of these elements usually provides the soils with bioavailable elements that are soluble in water, among which are the humic acids.
Fulvic minerals are a substance derived from humic acids. It is characterized as a natural organic substance soluble in water. Fulvic acid is soluble in both alkaline and acidic media. In general terms, fulvic acid, used in agriculture, acts directly on the hypogeal part of the plants, that is, it exerts its action on the cotyledon (s) that are below the surface of the soil. What Fulvic minerals do for plants is to favour molecular division to encourage growth. In this way, root respiration is stimulated, promotes absorption and helps plants to have greater resistance to drought. As it is an acid, when mixed with other nutrients, it tends to lower the pH and favour crops that cannot be frequently served by farmers.
Advantages of Fulvic minerals
Among the main advantages of using Fulvic minerals:
– Regulates the pH of the solution.
– It favours the growth of plants.
– Facilitates the absorption of nutrients that, by their nature, are difficult to absorb by plants.
– Serves as a biostimulant
– Stimulates cell division and plant growth
– Increases plant resistance to drought
– Makes crop recovery more efficient
– Improves floors
– Promotes the formation of nucleic acids